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The KHO News is published monthly
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September 2005
Nancy emerges from the VIP exit at Bali Airport
July 30: After a pleasant 5 hour flight from Melbourne Australia John's 86 year old mum arrived in Bali to spend a relaxing 3 week holiday at the KHO.
Nancy Farewell
A farewell party was held at Jimmy's Mediterranean Greek restaurant in Glenhuntly Rd. Melbourne. Jimmy's is renowned for their fresh seafood range.
Jimmy and Daughter Mary
Cousin Simon & Nancy
John and old friend Jan
Joe, John & Ian
No August Edition
We apologize that there was no August Edition of the KHO News. The entire staff were out to lunch
New Subscribers
This month the KHO News welcomes some new subscribers. No: 1 of course is John's new niece Alice who was born September 20 last year. 
Other new subscribers are: 
Ann F.  Di S. Pamela B.
Cheryl M. Filo Wendy S.
Collen P. John T Klaus V.
Darren A. Linda S Anschi V.
Welcome all. The KHO News just gets bigger and bigger, the July edition had a record rating, with over 1,300 people viewing our newsletter. Thank you one and all. for your support. If you are not already a subscriber CLICK HERE
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Bradley & Denny
Paul, John & Trenton
Sat July 30: Nancy & John flew to Bali with our favourite airline Air Paradise, who now have an extra flight a week to Melbourne on Saturdays using an Airbus 310.
Air Paradise Airbus 310
Nancy spent the first week wining and dining around town, catching up with old acquaintances.
Off to Bedugul
The first weekend of Nancy's stay we went to Bedugul for a BBQ at friends Rob & Wiwin's new partly completed mountain retreat.
Party at Bedugul
Nancy and Mirjana
Ines & Jamal's sister Teteh
Jamal's sister Lina
John conducts the Gamalan Orc.
We stayed the night at the Ashran Hotel overlooking lake Bratan
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Aug: 28 a group of us travelled down to our favourite week-end haunt Padang Bai to celebrate the big event. We stayed as usual at Kerti Beach Inn. Friends Onney and Luke travelled by ship from Lombok to join us.
We celebrated the birthday eve at the Kerti Ocean View Restaurant, Which has an excellent view for the Padang Bai harbour. Everybody had a great time.
Kerti Ocean View Restaurant
Rocky and Maisy
Luke and John
Rob and Ines
Onney, Wiwin and Dede
The exchange rate of the Indonesia rupiah reached an all time low of Rp 11300 to the US$ or Rp 8,200 to the Australian $. High oil prices are blamed. This creates an extra bonus for travellers who pay with rupiah while visiting Indonesia..
Night-spots on Notice
Bali Tourism leader, Gede Nurjaya, has put Bali's entertainment venues on notice to keep their distance from any involvement in the illegal sale of drugs. He said he supports the increasing frequent checks and raids on Bali's night spots by police, Nurjaya asked tourist visitors to not bring unhealthy habits and predilections to Bali that could potentially endanger and corrupt the Balinese people.
Garuda Loss
Garuda Indonesia posted its first net loss in three years in 2004, losing Rp 800 billion (AU$100M) Rising fuel prices are blamed.
Polio Drive
Tues Aug 30: 24 Million children across Indonesia were targeted for imunisation against polio. Turnout in Tuesday's campaign  was good in the capital and other urban areas, said UNICEF's Claire Hajaj.
Kissing Ban
Indonesian couples who are caught kissing passionately in public could face jail under proposed legislation which includes a ban on kissing on the mouth in public. Kissers could get five years in jail or a fine of 250m rupiah (A$33,000.) The bill is awaiting government approval. Proposed jail terms range from 3 to 10 years. Indonesia has the world's biggest population of Muslims, but most follow a fairly tolerant interpretation of the religion. 
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To Padang Bai
The following weekend we took Nancy down to Padang Bai for two nights, she loved it there and didn't want to leave.
Padang Bai Harbour
Nancy enjoying lunch seaside at Padang Bai Harbour
Dede at Padang Bai
John Visits Australia
July 10: John travelled to Australia to have an Umbilical Hernia op. at Monash Medical Centre by surgeon Mr Maurice Brygel.
Mr Maurice Brygel
The operation involves making an incision above the navel and inserting a sterile plastic mesh behind the navel. Slowly scar tissue grows into the mesh making a permanent repair.
The final attractive result
The procedure is done under full anaesthetic and takes about half an hour and is totally painless. John even went out to dinner with friend Ian in Berwick the same night.
Melbourne Update
While in Melbourne John's builder Nephew Trenton and assistant Neil came over to add a new side wall to the new garage.
Trenton & Neil
Work moved on briskly and the whole job inc. clothes line was finished in time for a pub lunch.
Finished wall and clothes line
Ian's New Cinema
Movie buff friend Ian, is building a private cinema in his new house in Berwick. When we visited work had only just began. Already he has had delivered the new luxury cinema seating.
Ian tries his new CAD home cinema design package
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New chairs at Ian's Cinema
Chair tryout
While visiting we thought we would check out Ian's freezer, just to see kind of food a hardened cinema addict would stock, to our surprise we only found 8 bottles of Gin, ice and a solitary loaf of bread with a March 2004 use-by date.
Ian's freezer
Australia Ciggies Ban
New Australian custom regulations, 
starting last July 1, state that persons entering Australia can now only bring one carton of cigarettes and one open pak.
However if you simply post two cartons into Australia they will be delivered legally. In Australia a carton of Marlboro now costs almost $100, the same carton in Indonesia costs $8.66 the difference more than covers the postage.
Fab Kettle we found at the Salvation Army Store in Melbourne for only $3
Visit to Bendigo
While John was in Melbourne, he visited with friends Ian and Mandy who live in Bendigo.
Ian and Doogle
Mandy gives Nick some
cooking hints
While in Bendigo, Ian and I did the usual rounds of junk shops and the Bendigo tip and found some interesting stuff for the KHO.
Simon composing music 
on the computer
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New KHO Blinds
Also while in Bendigo we found some teak wooden venetian blinds. Something we have been looking for for ages for our Tv room at the KHO Bali. Discounted 50% even. 
Blinds at the KHO
Arriving in Bali, the Customs officer only queried what was in the package and the let them through.
Dede at the KHO
Jamal's grand nephew Dede has come up from Bandung to help in the house during Mum Nancy's stay in Bali. He cooks a great breakfast and has made hundreds of cups of tea for Nancy.
More Trivia
Yes, the KHO now has a new steam and dry Iron
Warung Sobat
The newly renovated Warung Sobat has become so busy, people now come late around 10pm.
because they know it is impossible to get in before without a booking. Pak Made has hired two new staff to keep up with the demand. There is 
Pak Made
a new menu with some new dishes.
August 17: Indonesia celebrated the 60th anniversary of Independence. Celebrations were held all over the country.
Indonesian GNP
The Indonesian Gross National Product came in at around $828 billion US$ in 2004 equating to around US$3500 per person, while Australia's GNP was $612 billion/ US$30,000 p.p. or 8 times that of Indonesia. The average Aust. wage is now close to A$1000 p.w. while Indonesians get around A$17 p.w.
Record Bali Arrivals
Foreign arrivals topped 158,453 in July, breaking all previous records. A 70% increase since the horror year of 2003. Unfortunately travellers from the northern hemisphere have dwindled and been replaced by lower-spending, shorter-staying regional tourists.
Thu. Aug. 18: Jakarta and many places in Java suffered severe power blackout. It was also reported Bali suffered blackouts, we have had none at the KHO.
Nancy Leaves
Thu. Aug. 18:  John's Mum Nancy departed Indonesia by air for Melbourne, Australia and then on by bus to her home town Leongatha, 140km S.E. of Melb.
Nancy with John & Dede, just before departure to Bali airport
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In 1995, a DC-10 bound for Indonesia from Japan, overshot the runway during takeoff and burst into flames, only 3 pax died.
Most people who step onto a commercial airliner have no knowledge of how this big capsule with wings can get off the ground. Naturally their greatest concern (especially for the fear of flying set) is "what if something goes wrong and we are 33,000 feet.
Odds 1- 11,000,000
Your chances of being involved in an aircraft accident are about 1 in 11 million. On the other hand, your chances of being killed in an automobile accident are 1 in 5000. Statistically, you are at far greater 
Over 50,000 killed in cars annually
risk driving to the airport than getting on an airplane, over 50,000 people are killed on the highways every year.
Media coverage would suggest that such events happen daily. Car crashes are seldom reported, people find them boring. On the other hand an air crash is NEWS.
Fly daily for 15,000 yrs
Studies have shown one would have to fly once a day every day for over 15,000 years in order to statistically be involved in an aircraft accident! Yet stories of aircraft accidents are 200 times more likely to receive front-page coverage than other more common causes of death. Airplane disasters and plane crash statistics make for more dramatic, "eye-catching" newsprint. Not nearly enough information is printed on aircraft safety and because disasters seem to be more newsworthy to the public, the media is naturally attracted to the financially acceptable print and naturally it is LARGE PRINT in these cases.
Asia Crash Statistics
From 1970 -
In order of deaths
Air India
Japan Air Lines
Korean Air
Garuda Indonesia
Philippine Airlines
Pakistan Int.
Thai In
Air China
All Nippon 
Malaysian AS
Singapore Air 
Cathay Pacific
That's a total of 4276 deaths in 35 years or the equivalent of 112 p.a.
Odds of Death
In the period the above airlines flew 21,870,000 flights making the odds from 45 crashes is 1 in 486,000 flights. You can see from this, you would have to be very lucky indeed to ever in a 1000 years flying daily experience an accident.
As you can see there is no logical reason why we should fear flying any more than having a shower. Infact you are more likely to slip and kill yourself in the shower.
  Next Month: 
Fear of showering in Asia?
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This month we present part one of a special on the history of the people of Bali and how this unique island came to be. 
The Balinese people are the descendants of a prehistoric race who migrated through Asia to the Indonesian archipelago. 
Ancient Indian Ship
The first recorded inflow of changes were due to Indian traders and travellers who brought with them Hindu learning and religion. The rulers of primitive, animist Bali found these teachings suited them 
and their people perfectly, with the concept of the God-King, who exercised a divine law and spiritual leadership, and created a glorious palace in which the arts were fostered, fitting perfectly over the existing systems of monarchy.
The most persuasive influence of Hinduism came from nearby Java, when Airlangga, the son of a Balinese king, became part of the court of a Javanese emperor, who he was later to succeed, inaugurating a period of very close political and cultural contacts which lasted for centuries.
With the fall of the Madjapahit kingdom to Islamic influences, many thousands of Hindu priests, nobles, soldiers, artists and artisans fled from Java to Bali to escape their Muslim. Conquerors. 
The Majapahit Empire
The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. Its greatest ruler was Hayam Wuruk, whose reign from 1350 to 1389 marked the empire's peak. The Majapahit was the last of the great Hindu empires of the Malay archipelago. The founder of the Majapahit Empire, Kertarajasa, was the son-in-law of the ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, also based in Java. After Singhasari drove Srivijaya out of Java altogether in 1290, the rising power of Singhasari came to the attention of Kublai Khan in China and he sent emissaries demanding tribute. Kertanagara, ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, refused to pay tribute and the Khan sent a punitive expedition which arrived off the coast of Java in 1293. Gajah Mada, an ambitious Majapahit prime minister and regent from
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1331 to 1364, extended the empire's rule to the surrounding islands. Although the Majapahit rulers extended their power over other islands and destroyed neighbouring kingdoms, their focus was on controlling and gaining a larger share of the commercial trade that passed through the archipelago. 
About the time Majapahit was founded, Muslim traders and proselytizers began entering the area. After peaking in the 1300s, Majapahit power began to decline 
with a war over succession that started in 1401 and went on for four years. Majapahit found itself unable to control the rising power of the Sultanate of Malacca. The Majapahit Empire ended around 1520. A large number of courtiers, artisans, priests, and members of the royalty moved the island of Bali at the end of Majapahit's existence, where they remained isolated until the late 19th and early 20th centuries when Dutch colonials mounted a military expedition to take control of the island. 
Dutch ship landing at Singaraja 1850
Up until this stage few western contacts had been made with the island. In 1586 a Portuguese ship, intent on a mission to build a fort and set up a trading post in Bali, foundered off the coast of Bukit, and most of the ship's company were drowned. 
Portuguese Etching
Twelve years later, the Dutch explorer Cornelius de Houtman, paid a visit, and the record of this visit was the first substantial amount of information about Bali to reach the western world. The Dutch were suitably amazed by the vast riches of the Dewa Agung and his court, his 200 wives and innumerable followers. Despite the intermittent visits of Dutch merchants Bali was relatively neglected by the European world until the beginning of the nineteenth century.
Cornelius de Houtman
Sailed to Bali on the Duyfken, owned by the Dutch East India Company, the same ship was first to discover Australia in 1606.
Assorted French and English interests tried for many years to obtain a foothold in Bali unsuccessfully, which only served to alert the Dutch to the potential existing within the island. Civil war and anarchy were rife amongst the royal courts, and a period of cloudy history ensued, of which few accurate accounts are available. 
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First image of Bali by Dutch explorer Cornelius de Houtmann 1597
Continual attempts were made by the Dutch to force the Rajas of Bali to recognize the sovereignty of the Netherlands in return for protection against their enemies, but in general, despite a multitude of documents which were duly signed and witnessed, (although never translated into Balinese), they met with general animosity. The looting of shipwrecks off the coast of Bali, which the Balinese considered their age-old right, continued as ever, despite the rage of the Dutch authorities, and no peaceful settlement was obtained. It was at the court of Buleleng that the general sentiments of the Balinese were finally expressed to the Dutch Commissioner, visiting Bali to demand ratification for the latest reef incidents in 1844.
Early Map of Bali
In words that were to immortalize him as the modern hero of Bali, Gusti Ketut Djelantik, the younger brother of the Raja of Buleleng and Karangasem, told the Dutch Commissioner : "Never while l live shall the state recognize the sovereignty of the Netherlands in the sense in which you interpret it. Not by a mere scrap of paper shall any man become the master of another's lands. Rather let the Kris decide". Both parties realized, upon the delivery of this impetuous message that war was not far away.
Balinese Raja Buleleng 1865
Bali Procession 1900
Bali Beauty 1900
At the market 1900
Cock fighting 1900
Bali cooking 1900
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Dutch Soldiers and horses come ashore in Bali 1906
The Dutch began readying an expeditionary force, and the Balinese began making military preparations. Once the powerful Dutch army set out to subdue Bali the ultimate outcome was obvious, but little did they realize at what expense. It took three campaigns and sixty odd years to shatter the Balinese defences and morale, campaigns in which the Dutch did not always by any means achieve either victory or glory.
There were a number of tragic "puputan" battles in which the Raja, his entire royal court, women and children plunged into battle, armed
with kris and spear, killing each other on the battle field rather than be taken captive. These rather shocking events had great psychological effects on the Dutch, and from then on they ruled in Bali with a lenient hand, doing their best to keep to an "ethical" policy, and a whole new generation of administrators developed, who regarded themselves not only as the agents of modernization in education, health and administrative services, but as the protectors of Bali's own traditional culture. They introduced clinics and schools, abolished slavery and 
 Tragic "Puputan" battle 1906
suttee, built roads, bridges, dams, and imposed law and order. However, they also did great damage to Balinese political and economic self-sufficiency, and also to Balinese pride and self-confidence.
Breasts Covered
In accordance with their policy of cultural conservationism, the Dutch Residency was reluctant to allow evangelists and missionaries to practice in Bali. 
They were also concerned about the effects of opening the door to international tourism. Out of concern for the publicity, which Bali was receiving overseas, they announced that the women of Denpasar should cover their breasts in public, and on several occasions foreigners who were thought to be negatively influencing the island's youth were exiled. 
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KPM ships arrive at Buleleng Bali 1934
In 1908, the year that the last Balinese kingdoms fell, the Dutch opened a tourist bureau in Batavia (Jakarta) to promote the Dutch East Indies as a tourist destination. 
KPM Ship 1936
With the introduction of a regular weekly KPM steamship from Java to Bali in 1924, tourism took off. 
The first tourists were from the colonial administration. They disembarked on a Friday morning, made a round trip of the island by car and left on Sunday. In 1928 the Bali Hotel, was opened in Denpasar. It is still there, built on the site of the puputan in 1906.
The Bali Hotel today
Actual organized tourism came to Bali in the 1920's. By 1930 up to 100 visitors a month were arriving, mostly by sea, and their ecstatic reports were so positive that by 1940 this figure had increased to about 250 per month, not including the passengers on the cruise ships Stella Polaris, Lurline, Franconia, Empress of Britain, Reliance and others that advertised a day or two in Bali as the highlight of their winter schedules.
Dutch Postcard 1933
Books, articles and postcards whetted their appetites. Exotic photographs began to be published - the first was by a German doctor, who was posted to Bali, Gregor Krause,  (1883-1959) 
"Frau" Gregor Krause 1930
"Bali Boy" Gregor Krause 1930
To be concluded next month - Don't miss it.
The KHO is the affectionate name of our house in Bali, this a non - commercial site, to keep our many friends in touch with the local scene. Our aim is to help the local people through promoting tourism. The KHO web site: If you wish to unsubscribe please email us
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